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Sunday, 14 December 2014

Premenstrual Syndrome(PMS): Causes of Insomnia

 By Kyle J. Norton 
Health article writer and researcher; Over 10.000 articles and research papers have been written and published on line, including world wide health, ezine articles, article base, healthblogs, selfgrowth, best before it's news, the karate GB daily, etc.,.
Named TOP 50 MEDICAL ESSAYS FOR ARTISTS & AUTHORS TO READ by Disilgold.com Named 50 of the best health Tweeters Canada - Huffington Post
Nominated for shorty award over last 4 years
Some articles have been used as references in medical research, such as international journal Pharma and Bio science, ISSN 0975-6299.

Premenstrual syndrome effects over 70% to 90% of women before menopause in the US and less for women in Southeast Asia because of their difference in living style and social structure. It is defined as faulty function of the ovaries related to the women's menstrual cycle, it effects a women's physical and emotional state, and sometimes interferes with daily activities as a result of hormone fluctuation. The syndrome occurs one to two weeks before menstruation and then declines when the period starts.

1. Mineral deficiency
Calcium(1), magnesium(3) are essential for women during menstrual cycle because they have a calming effects for the nervous system(4). Imbalance or deficiency of calcium, magnesium and increase the tension of the brain's cells, causing psychological complaints, including insomnia(5).

2. Vitamin B6 deficiency
Women with PMS are found to have low levels of vitamin B6(6) which is vital to convert tytrophan(7)(8) to serotonin(9). Deficiency of vitamin B6 interferes the production of serotonin, causing reduced the production of melatonin, a vital hormone in promoting a good nigh sleep(11)(12).

3. Alcohol
Alcohol abuse not only damages the liver(13), but also increases the tension of nervous system(14)(15) induced sleep disturbance(16)(17).

4. Caffeine
Caffeine may help to increase nervous system function(18)(19)(20) but it may causes nervous tension(21)(22)and vitamin B6 deficiency(23) in induced PMS, causing unbalance of production of serotonin and melatonin hormone(11)(12) resulting in insomnia.

5. Low levels of melatonin
Melatonin is hormone which helps to regulate the sleep pattern(11)(12) of our body. some women with PMS found to have low levels of melatonin(22)(24) before period caused by low levels of serotonin and tytrophan(7)(8)(9). Intake of food with high in serotonin and tytrophan will help to improve insomnia.

5. Insulin irregularity
Lower insulin-like growth factor-1 concentrations is associated to elevating premenstrual syndrome disorder(2). Researchers exam the inter relationship between insomnia and insulin fluctuation found out that improving  insulin balancing will aid the sleep pattern and via versa(25)(26)(27).

References
(1) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17488795
(2) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18199422
(3) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16197921
(4) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16498787
(5) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21283430
(6) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2558186
(7) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3299182
(8) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8541642
(9) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tryptophan
(10) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25386956
(11) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25454845
(12) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25441742
(13) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8869667
(14) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25490220
(15) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25484085
(16) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25440381
(17) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25369938
(18) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24413697
(19) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20182043
(20) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12399249
(21) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1356551
(22) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3597168
(23) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23855730
(24) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23284821
(25) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20398173
(26) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24816752
(27) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18799296