Restrictive lung diseases or restrictive ventilatory defects
Restrictive lung disease is a condition marked most obviously by a reduction in total lung capacity. A restrictive ventilatory defect may be caused by a pulmonary deficit, such as pulmonary fibrosis (abnormally stiff, non-compliant lungs), or by non-pulmonary deficits, including respiratory muscle weakness, paralysis, and deformity or rigidity of the chest wall(1).
1. Lose weight if you are Obese
Obesity is associated to the increased risk of Restrictive lung disease. According to the study to evaluate the effects of obesity on the pulmonary function of adult women, showed that the alterations evidenced in the components of the vital capacity (inspiratory reserve volume and expiratory reserve volume) suggest damage to the chest mechanics caused by obesity. These factors probably contributed to a reduction of the maximal voluntary ventilation(22).
2. Quit smoking
A similar trend was observed in the control group indicating that smoking had a deteriorating effect on spirometric tests. The results of the pulmonary function tests showed a predominantly restrictive type of pulmonary impairment (12.3%) followed by a mixed ventilatory defect (8.7%)(23).
3. Prevention of occupational causes of the diseases and second smoke
In the study to investigate symptomatology, lung function, and radiographic change over an average period of 8 to 9 yr, of Sixty-four subjects with asbestos-related diffuse pleural thickening attending the London Medical Boarding Centre for Respiratory Diseases, showed that Chest pain was a common symptom, occurring in over half of the subjects. Approximately one-third of the subjects had a history of pleurisy or pleural effusion. Full long function, available in all cases, showed a highly significant decrement (p < 0.001) compared with predicted values in all variables except gas transfer coefficient (Kco) at initial presentation, consistent with a restrictive ventilatory defect(24).
4. Traditional Mediterranean diet
Eating plenty of fruit, vegetables and fish keep lungs healthy. Those who follow a diet closest to this ” Mediterranean ” ideal are less likely as their peers with eating habits furthest from this pattern to develop chronic lung disease. A good amount of fresh vegetable juices are a good way to start healing, along with adding a variety of spices such as ginger, onions, and garlic. The emphasis should be on eating as healthy a diet as possible(25).
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