Rye is a member of wheat tribe, a grass grown as a forage crop and genus Cereale belong to family Poaceae. Rye grain has been cultivated for foods to be eaten whole, boiled rye berries, rolled, etc. and used used for flour, rye bread, rye beer, etc.
4. Thiamin (Vitamin B1)
5. Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)
6. Niacin (Vitamin B3)
7. Pantothenic Acid (Vitamin B5)
8. Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6)
9. Vitamin E
2. Dietary Fibers
Rye grain can help to lose weight because it contains high amount of fibers that have an unusually high water binding capacity which causes it to expand in the intestines, thus reducing the risk of food craving causes of weight gain. According to the study of Free-living, overweight and obese adults (N=204, body mass index 25 to 45) with baseline LDL cholesterol levels 130 to 200 mg/dL (3.4 to 5.2 mmol/L) were randomized; 144 were included in the main analysis of participants who completed the trial without significant protocol violations, conduceted by Provident Clinical Research, Glen Ellyn, posted in PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20102847), researchers filed the conclusion that Consumption of a whole-grain RTE oat cereal as part of a dietary program for weight loss had favorable effects on fasting lipid levels and waist circumference.
2. Type II diabetes
Since Rye grain releases the sugar slowly into blood stream, it helps to improve the function of beta cell in secreting insulin from pancreas, thus reducing the risk of type II diabetes., according to the study of "High-fiber rye bread and insulin secretion and sensitivity in healthy postmenopausal women" by Juntunen KS, Laaksonen DE, Poutanen KS, Niskanen LK, Mykkänen HM., posted in PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12540398), reserachers found that High-fiber rye bread appears to enhance insulin secretion, possibly indicating improvement of b cell function.
3. Heart diseases
Beside as an important mineral in protecting the bone density by aiding the absorption of calcium, magnesium improves the normal heart rhythm and prevents the heart from abnormal clotting, according to the study of "Magnesium and cardiovascular system" by Shechter M., posted in PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20353903), researcher found that These studies are cost effective, easy to handle and are relatively free of adverse effects, which gives magnesium a role in treating CAD patients, especially high-risk groups such as CAD patients with heart failure.
Since it contains lignan, it reduces the risk of cancer caused by high levels of bad estrogen from the women body, such as breast cancer., According to the study of "Dietary lignan intakes in relation to survival among women with breast cancer: the Western New York Exposures and Breast Cancer (WEB) Study"McCann SE, Thompson LU, Nie J, Dorn J, Trevisan M, Shields PG, Ambrosone CB, Edge SB, Li HF, Kasprzak C, Freudenheim JL., posted in PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20033482), reserachers indicated that our results suggest that higher lignan intakes may be associated with improved survival among postmenopausal women with breast cancer.
5. Free radicals
As a component of manganese super oxide dismutase enzyme, manganese is a powerful antioxidant that enhances the immune function in destroying the free radicals as a result of cells oxidation, according to the study of "The role of manganese superoxide dismutase in inflammation defense" by Li C, Zhou HM., posted in PubMed (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21977313), researchers filed the conclusion in Abstract that Treatment of a rat model of lung pleurisy with the MnSOD mimetic MnTBAP suppressed the inflammatory response in a dose-dependent manner.
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